Twenty-first century is described as the digital era in which society, individuals, and businesses are increasingly dependent on technology. There is a fundamental shift in the way work is organized and delivered – organizations are increasingly adopting technology-based solutions. In the context of digital transformation, employee’s anxiety that his/her job is in a risk zone and that he/she may be replaced by robots or other technologies may become more pronounced. Scientific literature calls this employee job insecurity, which is described as the employee’s subjective fear of the continuity and stability of the existing employment (job). Job insecurity is considered to be a stressor with negative effects on both the employee and the organization. Impact is possible in the short and long term and affects the employee’s health, his/her attitude towards work and organization, the quality of the employee’s work. In order to achieve organizational sustainability and well-being of the employee, it is necessary to identify aspects that reduce insecurity, with particular attention to organizational factors. The aim of this project is to reveal job insecurity caused by the digital transformation of organizations.
KTU Research and Innovation Fund
While implementing the project, quantitative data were collected in a survey of robotised production lines operators working in the furniture sector in Lithuania. The results revealed that job insecurity had a negative impact on both the task performance and organisational citizenship behaviour. Moreover, the results revealed that job insecurity had a negative impact on happiness at work as a higher-order construct and on all its dimensions, namely job satisfaction, affective organisational commitment, and work engagement. These findings affirmed that job insecurity was a hindrance stressor, which needed to be considered when managing human resources in a robotised production environment.
Period of project implementation: 2020-04-14 - 2020-12-31